Sunday, November 05, 2023

The Next Evolution of AI: Introducing Self-Reflecting Multi-Agent RAG Systems

Artificial intelligence systems have seen remarkable advances in recent years through innovations like large language models and multi-modal architectures. However, critical weaknesses around reasoning, factual grounding, and self-improvement remain barriers to robust performance. An emerging approach combining collaborative multi-agent interaction, retrieval of external knowledge, and recursive self-reflection holds great promise for overcoming these limitations and ushering in a new evolution of AI capabilities.

Multi-agent architectures draw inspiration from the collaborative intelligence exhibited by human groups and natural systems. By dividing cognitive labor across specialized agents, strengths are amplified and limitations mitigated through symbiotic coordination. Retrieval augmented systems fuse this collective competence with fast access to external databases, texts, and real-time data - providing vital context missing within isolated models today.

Building recursive self-reflection into both individual agents and the system as a whole closes the loop, enabling continuous optimization of reasoning processes in response to insights gained through experience. This capacity for introspection and deliberative thinking allows the system to operate in a more System 2 thinking oriented manner.

For example, by assigning distinct agents specialized roles in critiquing assertions made by peer agents, the system essentially institutes deliberate verification procedures before accepting conclusions. Facts retrieved from external sources can validate or invalidate the logic applied, promoting evidence-based rational thinking. And recursive self-questioning provides a mechanism for critical analysis of internal beliefs and assumptions that overrides blindspots.

Together, these three mechanisms offer the foundations for AI systems capable of open-ended self-improvement through rigorous reasoning and abstraction. Peer critiquing across diverse agents identifies gaps or contradictions in thinking. Real-world data grounds beliefs in empirical facts. And recursive self-questioning pressure tests the integrity of all assertions made. Through such recurring examination, vulnerabilities are uncovered and addressed, incrementally strengthening the system's intelligence.

While substantial research is still needed to effectively integrate these capabilities, the promise is profound. Such an architecture could greatly augment AI aptitude for deep domain expertise, creative speculation, and nuanced judgment - hallmarks of advanced general intelligence. The result is systems exhibiting the flexible cognition, contextual reasoning, and capacity for lifelong learning characteristic of human minds but at machine scale.

Wednesday, November 01, 2023

FLOW Pattern: Comprehensive Knowledge Extraction with Large Language Models


The FLOW pattern aims to enable the systematic extraction, organization, and synthesis of comprehensive knowledge from large documents or transcripts using large language models, such as GPT-3. It addresses the limitation of these models' context window, allowing them to handle large documents by chunking them up in the different stages of the pattern.


Large language models often have a limited context window, which restricts their ability to ingest and analyze complete large documents at once. The FLOW pattern seeks to overcome this limitation by breaking down the document into manageable chunks, enabling a more comprehensive analysis and synthesis of information.


  1. Find: Extract specific topics or perspectives from the document or transcript in manageable chunks, considering the limitation of the model's context window.
  2. Link: Synthesize the extracted content from various chunks of the document or transcript, ensuring coherence and connectivity between different elements, while noting that the information comes from different parts of the source material.
  3. Organize: Structure the linked content in a logical and coherent manner, facilitating a systematic analysis of the document's core concepts and themes using the model's iterative capabilities.
  4. Write: Expand and elaborate on the organized content, producing a well-developed document that is informative, engaging, and accessible to the target audience, leveraging the model's text generation capabilities.


By implementing the FLOW pattern with large language models, organizations can effectively overcome the limitations of the context window, enabling a more comprehensive analysis of large documents and transcripts. This, in turn, enhances the model's ability to provide meaningful insights and make informed decisions based on a more holistic understanding of the underlying information.

Example Use Case:

An organization utilizes the FLOW pattern with a large language model like GPT-3 to create comprehensive meeting minutes from a transcript, effectively overcoming the context window limitation by chunking the document into manageable sections for analysis and synthesis.


The FLOW pattern, when implemented with large language models, serves as an effective approach for comprehensive knowledge extraction from large documents or transcripts. By addressing the context window limitation, it enables organizations to derive meaningful insights and make informed decisions based on a more comprehensive understanding of the underlying information.